Solar air power stations can solve problems of maintenance with the electric power of removed areas. Now conditions of development, in connection with increase in global power and ecological crisis, in line of the countries (Australia, Germany, USA, Russia, Canada, etc.) again have started to develop and build solar air power stations. Solar air power stations have line of advantages in comparison with traditional renewed energy sources (wind-and hydro generators, solar with use photo cells, etc.). But known types of solar air power stations also have line of serious lacks: - very much big dimensions, especially high towers (up to 1 km);
- The big cost of power station construction;
- Very low efficiency on extraction thermal energy from the sun;
- Dependence on presence of the sun and maintenance problem round the clock the electric power of the consumer;
- Necessity to clear big areas of transparent roof from dust or snows.
Solar air power stations have already been made in Spain 30 years ago. But they have appeared remunerative and have not do not send to mass production because of lacks listed above. If these lacks to not erase, and now all throw about energy crisis, solar air power stations will not be made in plenty.
At developers illusion is created, that by means of complex formation trajectories of air stream and the invention of various design features is possible to create highly effective and cheap solar air power stations. All these efforts can approach efficiency of power station to size of efficiency of the ideal thermal engine only. The size of it efficiency will remain still small. And this way will cause complication and rise in price of power station. The deep reason above the listed lacks modern types of solar air power stations is covered that the rate on extraction only parts of thermal energy from the sun is made, on application only cycle of the thermal engine and not extracting other kinds of atmosphere energy. It is necessary to expand kinds of energies which is possible to extract from atmosphere and to come off constructive stereotypes regarding remove energy, its transformation and submission in the form of electric energy. If this not make, all the finance and time will be spent all for nothing. Introductions and business with these energy sources will not be.
Sources low potential energy from atmosphere
(Physical and mathematical models low potential energy extraction of atmosphere by means of various physical processes).
From atmosphere it is possible to extract following kinds of energy:
2. Pressure of atmosphere.
1. Extraction thermal energy of atmosphere.
1.1. Situations now. Analogue
The mechanism of atmospheric air heating by energy of the sun and emerging heated up air in vertical pipe under influence of solar energy is used.
At movement ways upwards air the electro generator with the turbine which takes away a part of mechanical energy of air rising upwards is put. The limiting efficiency extraction energy is defined by cycle of thermal engine Karno.
About surface of the ground it is possible to create physical conditions at which the temperatures of air will more than in the top layers. Owing to it the density of air about surface will more, than above and the bottom areas of air will emerge under Archimedes action forces.
Thermal energy by means of air emerging warm area can transformed to mechanical energy. As matter of fact it will be the thermal engine. The efficiency of such converter for ideal case will be defined by cycle Karno.
On schedules it is shown to efficiency for the ideal converter with difference temperatures between heated up air and cold top layers in 10, 20 and 30 degrees.
For reception of electric atmosphere the design is under construction of heat on this way consisting of transparent roof and high tower. Under roof air under action of solar beams heats up and rises in tower upwards. On way of air rising upwards put the electro generator with blades. Rising air rotates blades and the generator develops electric energy.
Such solar air power stations have real efficiency much less ideal and have it no more than 2 %.
In solar air stations which were under construction earlier and above described way is now used. These power stations have not found wide application because have serious lacks:
1. Very low efficiency.
2. The big cost of construction.
3. Very much greater dimensions.
4. Complexities at operation, including necessity constant clearing of the big roof surface from dust and snows.
For elimination above the listed lacks and efficiency increase of solar air power stations we offer various ways additional extraction to energy low potential environments.
1.2. A way extraction thermal energy from low potential thermal energy of atmosphere by means of vortex (KNOW HOW):
In figures the scheme extraction is shown to kinetic energy of air stream and low potential to thermal energy:
- Convective transfer (figure at the left);
- Diffusion transfer of energy (figure on the right).
1.3. A way extraction thermal energy from low potential thermal energy and from energy at water condensation from atmosphere by means of vortex (KNOW HOW):
In figures the scheme extraction is shown to kinetic energy of air stream and low potential to thermal energy and water condensation from atmosphere:
1.4. A way of strengthening of kinetic energy of jet due to extraction low potential thermal energy and condensation water energy from atmosphere by means of vortex (KNOW HOW)
2. Extraction thermal energy of atmosphere.
Pressure energy of quiet environment, under the certain physical conditions (Know How), can extracting and can be in some tens times more energy of the device created vortex. It is necessary to emphasize, that our researches base on the classical fundamental physics and they works continuation of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Nicola Tesla, Victor Shauberger, Professors Alexander Predvoditelev, Nobel winner Ilya Prigozhin and many other scientists.
2.1. Reception of additional kinetic energy of jet due to extraction pressure energy of atmosphere (KNOW HOW).
2.2. Reception of additional kinetic energy of jet due to extraction pressure energy of atmosphere (KNOW HOW) by means of vortex (KNOW HOW).
2.3. Reception of additional kinetic energy of jet due to extraction pressure energy of atmosphere by means of spiral vortex (KNOW HOW).