problems are becoming ever more urgent in
Such transport vehicles as airships can contribute considerably into
the solution of individual, local and global problems.
Nevertheless, so far any attempts to develop any specific airships
models that can attract many clients, have failed. Why is it so? The
reason is that, in spite of a hundred years of research, they have not
been able to develop a really low-cost, manoeuvrable and
easy-to-operate transport airship.
In this connection, many companies are again trying to develop airships
that could be highly competitive in the market and be sold in large
quantities. They make sensational declarations and develop various
programs and projects. All this activities will demand impressive
financial and time resources and, in our opinion, will yield no
results. It is explained by the fact that all these projects do not
implicate any radical improvement of airships characteristics: smaller
size, lower production and transportation costs and simpler operation.
Still, these activities will certainly go on, as there are no other
transport means for transporting bulk cargo or for the solution of
other specific transport problems.
So, tens of companies will produce few airship that will not settle any
large-scale transport problems. This situation will lead to another
business failure for these companies which will be aggravated and
speeded up by today’s financial crisis.
It is high time for companies, investors and developers of both state
and private programs to understand that the only solution of transport
problems is the development of airships of totally new generation
lacking serious drawbacks of previous projects. We certainly should not
follow old ineffective schemes.
For the last decades, airships are using low-cost and safe helium,
advanced materials for shell and frame, modern navigation aids and
controls and new improved engines. Still there are no radical
improvement of airships characteristics. Why is it so? The matter is
that accent is made on the development of various versions of frames
and external configurations of airships. All these works are based on
classical stationary aerodynamics. It is urgent to understand that the
use of stationary aerodynamics considerably impedes the development of
airships with totally new fantastic characteristics. That is why there
is little hope that in the nearest future aerodynamic characteristics
of airships (notably, aerodynamic drag reduction), will be improved, as
well as their economical, manoeuvring and other characteristics. It is
necessary to apply oscillation aerodynamics in the development of
airships. It can radically reduce aerodynamic drag and to develop
highly effective thrusters of a new type, etc. In its turn, it will
considerably reduce engines capacity, fuel weight and consumption. Such
airships will be low-cost, fuel-efficient and manoeuvrable. This new
generation of airships can be used for the solution of a wide range of
transport problems and hundreds of thousands of such aircraft can be
Why are these
possibilities so far not used? There are several reasons for that:
1. Oscillation aerodynamics is a
rather new science. Its initial research results are known only to
narrowly focused specialists. Most experts in aerodynamics, as a rule,
are quite ignorant of it and for this reason simply ignore this branch
of knowledge. They are traditionally accustomed to develop airships on
the basis of traditional stationary aerodynamics. And nobody will blame
and dismiss them for that. For the last hundred years there have not
been any impressive improvement of airships characteristics, but no
individual aerodynamic expert will be responsible for wasting tens and
hundreds of millions of dollars.
2. A airship based
on oscillation aerodynamics, as well as oscillation thrusters are
complicated oscillation systems. Aircraft engineering centers,
especially those specializing in airship construction, are not prepared
for the development of airships as oscillation systems. It should be
mentioned that it is not the airship frame that will be oscillating. A
special propulsion complex will be operating in an oscillating mode,
and the frame flow-around will have extremely low oscillation
components (modern planes, helicopters and airships are characterized
by much more intensive oscillation components related to frame
flow-around; these oscillations are chaotic and are considered
4. Most companies
for many years prefer to spend lot of money on insignificant
improvements, but are not willing to risk and undertake research to
develop a brand new airship with oscillating thrusters.
As a result, existing
airships are not highly profitable transport means and their production
and sales are not too large-scale.
Our team has knowledge and exclusive experience in the field of
oscillation aerodynamics and the development of a propulsion complex of
an oscillation type.
We can develop and produce first models of
airships (small-size) of a new type with extremely low aerodynamic drag
that will be highly manoeuvrable and fuel-saving.
In accordance with a
Customer’s order, we can develop advanced airships with any
load-lifting capacity and purpose.
Advanced airships we are
offering will be unrivalled and will be bought even in severe economic
crises. In fact, our airships are invulnerable to any crisis.
Below we will give
detailed analysis of these problems.
Today and tomorrow of airships.
Myths and reality.
1. Airships do no spend
energy on lift generation, using gas aerostatic lift force.
2. Low transport cost, especially of bulky and massive cargo.
3. They can hover in place. 4. The development of extra-heavy load
lifting planes and helicopters is impeded by strength characteristics
of construction materials. There are no such limitations for airships
and the development of aircraft with 1 000 t working load is quite
feasible. 5. Long nonstop range. .
6. Higher reliability and safety in comparison to planes and
7. Airships do not need air-strips (but mooring masts are necessary).
Moreover, they do not need to land at all and can simply hover over the
ground (however, it is possible only in still air conditions).
Airships with flapping
Airships with flying wings as thrusters have the
longest history. Their production has now been expanded. Still, only
few such airships are produced. Moreover, they are small-sized and so
far have been considered rather exotic. In fact, their flight
characteristics are far from being perfect. These small-sized airships
have been before and are now a sort of funny toys. In their production,
oscillation aerodynamics principles have not been taken into account
and they have never been developed as a single oscillation system. That
is why they will never bring forth a breakthrough in airships
Still W.Schmidt believed that these funny toys of small-sized airships
are first signs of a revolution in airships engineering. It seems that
nowadays, experts of such companies as Festo AG & Co. KG,
EvoLogics GmbH, Prospective Concepts AG, as well as Mr. Uwe Werner
share this point of view.
French mechanic Jean Pierre Blanshar has begun with realization of idea
flight. In 1781 it has constructed the device which wings were set in
motion effort of hands and legs.
According to experiences Degen
on resistance of friction of all system 9 kgs so draft of a
counterbalance was equal only 39 kgs, that is exactly half of weight of
the device were required. After long experiences it managed to rise
under such circumstances with the device on height of 16 meters the
help of 25 impacts by wings within 30 seconds. If these data are not
exaggerated, the result turns out amazing. Even if to assume, that Degen could develop for short time
capacity in ? a horsepower, from its experiences follows, that already
one horsepower would be enough for free rise of the person.
To have an opportunity to make more free flights,
Degen has decided to replace the counterbalance тягою the
small cylinder filled by hydrogen. By means of such "facilitated"
device it also has made rise on air at presence of enormous crowd on
November, 12th, 1808.
In 1897 the Kharkov doctor Danilevsky has made a balloon with flapping wings
Miturich P.V. has suggested to create motive power on a airship by means of wave oscillations of all environment
like movement of a body of a fish
The working model of a airship
with flappingthruster has been created by the
professor of W. Schmidt
The project of the airship
Bilder unseres Blimp zum Innovationstag 31.08.2004 in Berlin : Zu
beachten ist der vorn und hinten angebrachte Wellpropellorantrieb, mit
welchem das unbemannte Luftschiff angetrieben und gelenkt wird. Die
Steuerung erfolgt uber ein GPS-Modul, mit welchem eine programmierte
Strecke in einer definierten Hohe abgefahren und durch die unten
angeordneten Messgerate aufgenommen werden kann.
One of Mike Dodd’s Ornithopter blimps.
The model is 7 1/2 feet long and weighs 15 ounces without helium.
Development of firm Festo AG and Co airships
with thruster of oscillatory type
environment is the air. Unlike AquaJelly, the remote-controlled
jellyfish AirJelly does not swim through water, but instead glides
instead through a sea of air thanks to its central electric drive unit
and an intelligent, adaptive mechanism. It is able to do so because it
consists of a helium-filled ballonett.
The biggest draws at Festo’s Hannover Fair exhibits have been
biologically inspired robotic creatures that show off cutting-edge
automation technologies. Turning once again to nature for inspiration,
the company’s engineers this year came up with robotic jellyfish that
either swim or fly.
They may look whimsical, but the waterborne AquaJelly and airborne
AirJelly make use of mechatronic design practices, control strategies
and actuation methods that could have serious engineering implications.
According to Markus Fischer, Festo’s head of corporate design, these
robots have a degree of autonomy and adaptive behavior that “will be
very useful in the factory of the future.”
Both the AquaJelly and AirJelly share a basic construction that
consists of a sphere-shaped body with eight electrically driven
tentacles for propulsion. Both run off rechargeable lithium-ion
batteries and are powered by 3V coreless motors. Given the differing
mediums in which they travel, the two robots do have different bodies —
a laser-sintered pressure vessel for the AquaJelly and a helium balloon
measuring 1.35m across for the AirJelly.
Festo AG & Co. KG
Ray Effect Recent studies on the functional morphology of fins of
fishes show a surprising biomechanical effect of the fin rays. The
bionic implementations of these constructions led to shape-adaptive
wing profiles and flow control devices. The functional principle has
been patented and is marketed as "Fin Ray Effect" in a line of products
currently being developed. Besides adaptive seat constructions, novel
safe and form-locking grips are of particular interest. Creative
applications in household technology, automation technology, keyhole
surgery, and bionic robotics are in preparation.
EvoLogics GmbH - Home.htm
Stingray from Prospective Concepts AG. Small Swiss firm Prospective
Concepts AG here already more than 5 years works under orders of German
industrial giant Festo above new technologies of application of a
pneumatic in the industry. To one of its last development became a
hybrid of the plane with airship
Stingray. The flying vihicle
represents the plane of type "a flying wing ". And the wing it is
filled by easy gas and provides due to aerostatic lifting
force rise of a quarter of useful loading. As a result Stingray flies
up and sits down with small start and run
In flight the Swiss hybrid of the plane with a
flapping thruster for a airship balloon.
The student's research project
Authors: Ivan Ruchki, Evgenie Zhuravlyov, Artem Kravchenko.
School № 1273 ЮЗАО, 10 class, Moscow.
Theme of work: Thruster for a
The supervisor of studies: Ustyugina Galina Pavlovna, the teacher of
Extract energy from an
environment and an atmosphere for airships.
Airships move in an atmosphere, in the environment in
which there is a huge quantity of energy:
- Potential energy of pressure of an atmosphere;
- A kinetic wind power;
For today for provision of energy thruster
a airship the solar
energy of the solar batteries located on a airship
is used only.
Airship and Submersible craft based on inventions and designs from
Nikola Tesla and Viktor Schauberger.
Frank Germano (President of Global Energy Technologies, Inc.).
If energy of an atmosphere (thermal or energy of pressure of air) airships will successfully execute
huge quantity of transport transportations will be used. It will be
супер break in transport!
1. The existing transport means - automobile,
railway, sea transport, planes, helicopters and air-cushion vehicles –
have a whole range of serious drawbacks:
- these transport
means, the construction and maintenance of highways and railway roads,
airfields and sea ports are extremely expensive;
- high fuel consumption;
- these transport means are environmentally harmful – technical
installations occupy too much land, forests, etc.; oil spills occur,
- with some minor exceptions, these transport means do not guarantee
transitional delivery from the producer to the customer (there are a
lot of cargo transfers and stocking);
- transportation of bulky and heavy cargo is impossible;
- high transport costs;
- there is no possibility to set up remotely operated transport
- further expansion in the number of traditional transport means leads
to global transport crisis (highways in large cities are already
2. It is vital to develop new
transport means lacking at least part of disadvantages listed above.
3. Airships can be such transport means, as they
have the following advantages:
costs are considerably lower in comparison with the existing transport
- there is no need of highways;
- they can deliver goods directly from the producer to the customer
without any cargo transfer;
- ecological safety. 4. Still, so far airships have not become a mass
transport means. There
- low speed;
- special mooring installations and large hangars are needed;
- low manoeuvrability;
- intense lateral wind effect;
- large size and weight. 5. For several decades attempts have been to make
airships a mass transport means.
All these attempts
have failed because of the drawbacks listed in 4. They have tried to
solve the problem through the use of other airships forms instead of
cigar-like: cetaecean, airship-plane, wing-formeds, airships with
The most promising is a wing- formed airship, Its advantages are as
- smaller size and weight;
- lower lateral wind effect;
- there is no need of special mooring installations (still, a short
airstrip is necessary).
Airships with oscillating wing thrusters are not highly developed and
the companies do not consider them promising.
6. The existing airships projects will not remove
their disadvantages in any radical way.
Without any doubt, the today’s boom will yield
no results and only few airships will be produced.
It should be mentioned that only wing-formed airships using the wave
flow effect (eradicating aerodynamic drag of the aircraft) can
successfully enter the market.
They will have the
following vital advantages:
- they are tenfold energy efficient in comparison with traditional
transport means (and even with common airships);
- there is no need of mooring facilities and airstrips;
- extremely manoeuvrable, including while hovering and taking off;
- they are immune to side wind;
- a wide range of sizes – from mini-size to 1000 t lifting capacity;
- they can be used for the setting-up of both local and global
remotely-operated transport networks. 8. Considering the extreme urgency of the
development of airships using the wave flow effect, it is vital to take
the following steps:
- to initiate
scientific research and experimental development works;
- to develop a remotely operated airship with 1-2 kg flight weight
(task: tests, demonstration of a new type airship possibilities, serial
production of airships for the monitoring of oil and gas fields, oil
and gas pipe-lines, power supply lines, etc.);
- to develop and 1, 10, 100 1nd 1 000 t airships and to launch their
- to set up companies developing and producing airships of various
- to set up companies specialized in cargo and passengers transporting
with the use of airships.
An airship with a thruster complex
of an oscillating type will have the following aerodynamic advantages
in comparison with the existing models of airships: 1. The
value of thrust (and, consequently, efficiency factor) will be higher
in comparison with propellers.
2. Manifold reduction of aerodynamic drag of the airship shell for
airships with wings or of a similar form.
3. Higher lift in comparison with airships with propeller engines.
4. Oscillating-type thrusters will perform functions of thrusters,
rudders and generators of wave flow-around for airships shells.
5. The improvement of landing, take-off and manoeuvring capability,
especially for low speed, as well of on-the-spot manoeuvrability.
Moreover, it is possible to extract energy for engine form heat and
potential energy of atmosphere pressure (for this purpose, a special
program has been developed).
this type will have the following advantages:
-a lower capacity engine;
-a lower weight of an engine;
-low fuel consumption;
-lower weight with the same payload weight;
-smaller size with the same payload;
-no mooring facilities;
-parking without hangars;
-lower cost of payload delivery;
-a flying airship with an oscillating thruster looks by far more
aesthetic than a airship with propellers.
On the basis of many scientists’ research and our own findings, we have
the following knowledge and proof:
Our research of an
There exist non-linear modes of the wing
oscillations, when swept area is much bigger in comparison with
stationary oscillation modes. This effect can produce considerably
At the oscillating wing thruster, optimum modes can be easily changed
at varying flight speed.
A propeller thruster is characterized by non-optimum angles of attack
at varying flight speed. Even propeller thrusters only partially solve
this problem. With an oscillating wing, it is easy to adjust optimal
angles of attack and oscillation law by means of remote control. This
will result in higher thrust and thruster efficiency.
An oscillating wing thruster will simultaneously perform the functions
of a thruster.
At the existing airships, this function is performed by common rudders.
In our project, oscillating wings of a thruster will be used as
rudders. The effect will be most impressive:
It will be possible to effectively control such airships at low speed,
including manoeuvring in place, on takeoff and descent.
There is no need of special rudders.
Production simplicity and low cost
in comparison with propellers
The thruster wing is extremely simple to produce (a symmetrical profile
with the same cord along the full span).
improvement of airships maneouvrability, especially at low and zero
This effect is obtained with the use of an oscillation-type thruster
and of wave flow of the airship shell.
The propulsion unit configuration and the system changing the engine
thrust vector, guarantee excellent control near the ground, as well as
fair accuracy of maneouvring and landing. Aerodrome air strips and
mooring facilities are not needed.
systems of an oscillating type thruster complex.
We have developed several control systems:
A hand control system for thruster characteristics (oscillation
frequencies and amplitude) adjusting.
An automatic system for finding optimal thruster characteristics (the
An automatic system for finding optimal thruster characteristics (the
research of energy extraction from environment
We have carried out comprehensive research of the extraction of heat
and potential pressure energy from atmosphere.
Extraction of Low-Potential Energy from Environment. The Solution to
Energy and Ecological Problems. / "World Affairs", Spring
2006 vol. 10, No 1, pp.166-183.
It is only a wing-formed airship using the wave flow effect (this
effect annihilates aerodynamic drag) that is able to meet competition
in the vast market.
Such a airship will have the following decided advantages:
- it is tenfold more energy effective than traditional transport means
(even in comparison with common airships);
- no mooring facilities and airstrips are needed
- it is extremely manoeuvring, including while hovering and taking-off;
- it is immune to side wind;
- its sizes can vary from the smallest to 1000 bearing capacity;
- it can serve a transport means for both local and global
remotely-controlled transport systems.
Considering the extreme urgency of the development of airships using
the wave flow effect, the following steps should be taken as soon as
- to initiate scientific research and design and experimental
- to develop a remotely-operated airship with 1-2 kg flight weight
(aim: tests, the demonstration of characteristics of a new type
airship? Serial production for the monitoring of oil and gas fields and
pipes, transmission lines, etc.);
- to develop and launch the serial production of 1, 10, 100 and 1000
- to set up companies that will be developing and producing airships of
- to set up companies for goods and passengers transporting with the
use of airships.
We are looking
for an investor for the development of super effective airships of a
We can develop and produce first operating models of airships of
various purposes. Now we do not have any operating models. But it
should be noted that we have impressive theoretical, experimental and
practical experience of the development and production of operating
models of various devices using oscillations.
We are sure that airships have the prospects to become an ideal
transport means in the XXI century:
They can deliver oversized cargo, like ships; they can fly to great
distance and do not depend on roads, like planes; they can take off and
land without aerodromes, like helicopters.
Transport of freight
Transport of freight to near and long distances.
A network of international and national computerized systems of
Some English and Russian developers have considered the possibility to
include airships into the international and national computerized
systems of container service. In order to provide maximum efficiency of
airships as transport means, the British engineers proposed to set up a
single air transport system. This system should connect major
industrial centers all over the world.
airships of our type can solve this task most effectively.
Liquefied gas transportation
airships can transport liquefied gas from gas recovery enterprises
directly to European customers (without any interstate gas pipelines).
On the use of airships in Russian gas industry:
Now the problem of liquefied gas transportation with the use of
airships has become rather urgent due to the following reasons:
liquefied gas transportation with the use of a
cigar-like airship is four times less expensive than its transportation
there is no need of many kilometers of extremely
expensive pipelines (with a lot of pumping facilities, preventive
maintenance and operating staff);
now large land areas are amortized, forests are cut
over and the environment is damaged;
political and economic dependence of gas supplying
companies and countries on countries through whose territory gas has to
there is a lot of distant areas where pipe laying is
We propose to
develop wing-formed airships with oscillating thrusters that would
solve all the problems of gas transportation.
The airships we propose can reduce the liquefied gas transportation
costs over 15 times (not 4 times, as previously offered projects).
The development of airships for liquefied gas transportation should be
divided into several stages:
1. The development of remotely-operated airships with 1-2 kg flight
- to test optimal modes of aerodynamic drag reduction with the use of
the wave flow effect and manoeuvring modes;
- to launch a mass production of these airships for the monitoring of
oil and gas fields and pipelines, transmission lines, and for many
2. To develop a airship with wave flow with 10 tons liquefied gas
3. To develop a airship with wave flow with 100 tons liquefied gas
4. To develop a airship with wave flow with 1000 tons liquefied gas
It is advisable to include these airships into national and
international computerized transport systems and to set up a single
Our other research findings can be used for gas liquefying (see our
Gas liquefying with the use of vortex-oscillation effect
A plant for natural gas liquefaction
Liberated energy can be used for the setting-up of local energy plants
that will not use any fuel.
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